The Turkish Coffee was brought to the Ottoman Palace by Ozdemir Pasha, the Governor of Yemen, when Yemen was still in the boundaries of Ottoman Empire.Consumption of coffee after meals became popular first in the Palace, then in homes. That popularity led to the opening of coffee houses. Evliya Çelebi, the famous traveller of the 17th century, stated that Istanbul had 55 coffee houses at his time. Europe was intrdoced with Turkish Coffee when the Ottoman army carried and left behind 500 sacks of coffee during the II. siege of Wien.
The Wiennese had spread the taste of coffee all over Europe. Even the famous composer Bach hod written a Coffee Song. Coffee has a special value in the daily lives of Turkish people. Families meet and are introduced over coffee when marriage arrangements are discussed. Fortune telling through reading the left over grains is a popular topic among ladies.
The well-known expression ;
“Coffee makes people friends for long” is widely used in daily life. Coffee is either cooked black, with little or more sugar. Coffee drinkers call the coffee with sugar “ladies’ coffee”.
The well cooked coffee is covered with foam. The long handled special pot is filled with cold water. 1 teaspoon of coffee per cup is added and boiled, stirring occasionally, until it starts foaming and rising. Sometimes double roosted Turkish Delight is served along with coffee.
During the last years of Ottoman (Empire tea was also served in coffee houses. The best tea is grown in Rize and around. In Turkey, tea is widely consumed throughout the dau. Turkish people seldom skip breakfast. During the cold winter months various kinds of cheese, salami, sousage, pastirami, jams and kinds of honey is consumed along freshly squeezed orange, tangarine and pomgranate juices. Breakfast tables never lack kinds of olives, eggs and bread.
During summer months ujater melon, sugar melon, tomatoes, green pepper, grapes and peaches are added to the menu. Breakfasts always consist of various kinds of fresh products.