Medreses Where The Courtyards is Surrounded On Four Sides By a Portico
With Rooms Situed On Three Sides
The Haseki Medrese (1540), The Uskudar Mihrimah Sultan Medrese (1540?- 48)
and the Semiz Ali Pasha Medrese (1559) are similar in that their entrance and
lecture halls are situated on the same axis. In the last two cases, the lecture
hall is separated from the other rooms by a narrow passage on each side, leading
to a garden situated in the back.
In the Sehzade Medrese (1546) the lecture hall is not on the same axis as
The Suleymaniye Evvel and sani medreses (1550-53) form two symmetrical
structures separated by a narrow street, with their respective entrances
situated on the side. The two-storeyed teachers' apartments are situated inside
Medreses Where The Courtyard is Surrounded By A Potico On Four Sides, With
Rooms On There Sides And A Mosoue On The Fourth (Medreses Sharing A Courtyard
With A Mosoue)
This plan was often used by Sinan.
The Besiktas Sinan Pasha Medrese (1555) is Sinan's first attempt at
integrating a mosque with a medrese. It has no lecture hall.
The Topkapi Kara Ahmet Pasha Medrese (1558?-65?) does not fully surround the
courtyard. Its lecture hall is separated from the other rooms by two narrow side
passages leading on to a garden.
The Edirnekapi Mihrirnah Sultan Medrese (1570) is situated very close to the
city walls which may explain why the part opposite the mosque is irregular. Some
rooms must have also suffered from the ravages of time.
The Liileburgaz SokoIlu Mehmet Pasha Medrese (1570). Its lecture hall is
situ- ated at the end of one of its wings.
The Kadlrga Sokollu Mehmet Pasha Medrese (1572) Its lecture hall is situated
on the axis of the mihrab, but slightly elevated, a flight of stairs leading to
the mosque's courtyard below. The domed portico in front of the same lecture
hall completes this original design.
The Eyup Zal Mahrnud Pasha upper Medrese (1577). Here the mosque and medrese
porticos remain separate and there is no portico on one side of the courtyard.
The lecture hall is not on the kiblah axis.
Medreses Where The Courtyard Is Porticoed And Surrounded By Rooms On Three
The Yavuz Sultan Selim (Halicilar Koskui) Medrese (1549). Its lecture hall is
situated on a non-porticoed side and was transformed into a mescid (small
mosque) in 1563, with the addition of a minaret.
The Suleymaniye Salis and Rabi medreses (1550-59). Situated on a very steep
slope facing the Golden Horn, their courtyards, porticoes and rooms are graded
so as not to impair the view of the mosque, forming a unique composition. Below
the porticoes, each room has a hall and staircase. A two-storeyed lecture
building is situated on the non-porticoed side.
The Ayasofya Kapi Agasi Cafer Aga (Sogukkuyu) Medrese (1560) was built on
sloping terrain with shops on the ground floor. The entrance is from a
backstreet and there are no stairs between the two stories. Again the lecture
hall is on the side without porticoes.
The Edirne Selimiye medreses (1572). There are no rooms on half of the side on
which the lecture hall is situated. The latter stands separate from the rooms,
the gap thus created serving as a passage to the garden.
The Uskudar Atik Valide Medrese (1579). Two of the porticoed wings are
unequal due to the topography. The medrese courtyard is situated on a terrace
below that of the mosque, with the street situated still lower passing under the
Medreses Where Rooms Are Situated On Two Sides Of A Courtyard Surrounded
By Porticoes On Four Sides
The Eyup Sokollu Mehmet Pasha Medrese (1569). Its rooms are situated on the
tlonger sides of a rectangular courtyard, with the lecture hall on one of the
narrow sides. An eaved passage leads from the lecture hall to Sokollu's
tomb, both 1 of them being situated on the same axis.
Medreses Where The Portico And The Rooms Form Are "L" Shaped
The Uskudar Semsi Ahmet pasha Medrese (1580). The porticoed wings are not on
the same axis as the mosque, being oriented towards the sea, one wing forming a
right angle with the shore.
The Eyup Zal Mahmut Pasha Lower Medrese (1580). The wing facing the street
is recessed, with its rooms built in different sizes in order to adapt to the
course of the street. The upper medrese is reached through an uncovered
staircase. Zal Mahmut Pasha's tomb is situated within the courtyard.
The Cagaloglu Rustem Pasa Medrese And it's Octagonal Courtyard (1550)
Here, Sinan reinterprets the octagonal plan of the Kapiagasi Medrese in Amasya (1489) by fitting it into a square structure. The lecture hall and the
entrance are not on the same axis. The rooms are situated at the corners of the
outer square which are reached through eyvans (vaulted antechambers) situated on
the corresponding sides of the interior (octagonal) structure. There are
lavatories In one of the corners of the square. The building is an outstanding
study in the square-octagon relationship.
Above text and pictures are from the book titled "Turkish Art and Architecture in Anatolia and Mimar Sinan".
You can purchase "Turkish Art and Architecture in Anatolia and Mimar Sinan" book and other Turkey related books from Explore Turkey Bookstore.