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Sinan The Architect :: Medrese Buildings

Medreses Where The Courtyards is Surrounded On Four Sides By a Portico With Rooms Situed On Three Sides

The Haseki Medrese (1540), The Uskudar Mihrimah Sultan Medrese (1540?- 48) and the Semiz Ali Pasha Medrese (1559) are similar in that their entrance and lecture halls are situated on the same axis. In the last two cases, the lecture hall is separated from the other rooms by a narrow passage on each side, leading to a garden situated in the back.

In the Sehzade Medrese (1546) the lecture hall is not on the same axis as the entrance.

The Suleymaniye Evvel and sani medreses (1550-53) form two symmetrical structures separated by a narrow street, with their respective entrances situated on the side. The two-storeyed teachers' apartments are situated inside the medrese.

Medreses Where The Courtyard is Surrounded By A Potico On Four Sides, With Rooms On There Sides And A Mosoue On The Fourth (Medreses Sharing A Courtyard With A Mosoue)

This plan was often used by Sinan.

The Besiktas Sinan Pasha Medrese (1555) is Sinan's first attempt at integrating a mosque with a medrese. It has no lecture hall.

The Topkapi Kara Ahmet Pasha Medrese (1558?-65?) does not fully surround the courtyard. Its lecture hall is separated from the other rooms by two narrow side passages leading on to a garden.

The Edirnekapi Mihrirnah Sultan Medrese (1570) is situated very close to the city walls which may explain why the part opposite the mosque is irregular. Some rooms must have also suffered from the ravages of time.

The Liileburgaz SokoIlu Mehmet Pasha Medrese (1570). Its lecture hall is situ- ated at the end of one of its wings.

The Kadlrga Sokollu Mehmet Pasha Medrese (1572) Its lecture hall is situated on the axis of the mihrab, but slightly elevated, a flight of stairs leading to the mosque's courtyard below. The domed portico in front of the same lecture hall completes this original design.

The Eyup Zal Mahrnud Pasha upper Medrese (1577). Here the mosque and medrese porticos remain separate and there is no portico on one side of the courtyard. The lecture hall is not on the kiblah axis.

Medreses Where The Courtyard Is Porticoed And Surrounded By Rooms On Three Sides

The Yavuz Sultan Selim (Halicilar Koskui) Medrese (1549). Its lecture hall is situated on a non-porticoed side and was transformed into a mescid (small mosque) in 1563, with the addition of a minaret.
The Suleymaniye Salis and Rabi medreses (1550-59). Situated on a very steep slope facing the Golden Horn, their courtyards, porticoes and rooms are graded so as not to impair the view of the mosque, forming a unique composition. Below the porticoes, each room has a hall and staircase. A two-storeyed lecture building is situated on the non-porticoed side.
The Ayasofya Kapi Agasi Cafer Aga (Sogukkuyu) Medrese (1560) was built on sloping terrain with shops on the ground floor. The entrance is from a backstreet and there are no stairs between the two stories. Again the lecture hall is on the side without porticoes.
The Edirne Selimiye medreses (1572). There are no rooms on half of the side on which the lecture hall is situated. The latter stands separate from the rooms, the gap thus created serving as a passage to the garden.

The Uskudar Atik Valide Medrese (1579). Two of the porticoed wings are unequal due to the topography. The medrese courtyard is situated on a terrace below that of the mosque, with the street situated still lower passing under the lecture hall.

Medreses Where Rooms Are Situated On Two Sides Of A Courtyard Surrounded By Porticoes On Four Sides

The Eyup Sokollu Mehmet Pasha Medrese (1569). Its rooms are situated on the tlonger sides of a rectangular courtyard, with the lecture hall on one of the narrow sides. An eaved passage leads from the lecture hall to Sokollu's tomb, both 1 of them being situated on the same axis.

Medreses Where The Portico And The Rooms Form Are "L" Shaped

The Uskudar Semsi Ahmet pasha Medrese (1580). The porticoed wings are not on the same axis as the mosque, being oriented towards the sea, one wing forming a right angle with the shore.

The Eyup Zal Mahmut Pasha Lower Medrese (1580). The wing facing the street is recessed, with its rooms built in different sizes in order to adapt to the course of the street. The upper medrese is reached through an uncovered staircase. Zal Mahmut Pasha's tomb is situated within the courtyard.

The Cagaloglu Rustem Pasa Medrese And it's Octagonal Courtyard (1550)

Here, Sinan reinterprets the octagonal plan of the Kapiagasi Medrese in Amasya (1489) by fitting it into a square structure. The lecture hall and the entrance are not on the same axis. The rooms are situated at the corners of the outer square which are reached through eyvans (vaulted antechambers) situated on the corresponding sides of the interior (octagonal) structure. There are lavatories In one of the corners of the square. The building is an outstanding study in the square-octagon relationship.


Above text and pictures are from the book titled "Turkish Art and Architecture in Anatolia and Mimar Sinan".

You can purchase "Turkish Art and Architecture in Anatolia and Mimar Sinan" book and other Turkey related books from Explore Turkey Bookstore.


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