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Sinan The Architect :: The Mihribah Sultan Mosque, Edirnekapi

This mosque represents the most advanced stage of the single-dome model. Here, a large (20 m) and high (35 m) single dome dominates the whole structure. The dome is supported by four pilasters rising to form a sort of bearing tower like system consisting of four arches and four pendentives.
The four pilasters are polygon shaped and protrude on the exterior so as to be almost unnoticeable from the interior, which thus takes on the form of a neatly cut crystal. The light penetrating through the windows reinforces this crystalline effect while rendering the structure less perceptible. The thickness of the arches is attenuated by the walls between them, which are filled with numerous and ornate windows, having lost all bearing function. The bareness of the central area, the covering dome of which takes on the purity of a modern concrete structure, also prevails on the four facades, while the general plan has been widened with naves.


The outer effect of the mosque is not as successfully achieved as the interior.The four facades are only made up of four arches and the windows inside them,: but the kiblah wall (facing Mecca, which in Turkey roughly corresponds to the south) has been uniquely designed, completely freed of its bearing or abutment function. The polygonal pilasters on each corner, the exceptional height of the body of the mosque and the rising dome generally seem to herald some early baroque era. The minaret, which may have been rebuilt after an earthquake, is very tall and slim, separated from the main body. The building presents interesting similarities with mosques built later, such as the Nurosmaniye (1755), the Ayazma (1760), the Nusretiye (1826), the Mecidiye (1848), the Ortakoy (1850) or the Dolmabahce (1855).

 

 

 



Above text and pictures are from the book titled "Turkish Art and Architecture in Anatolia and Mimar Sinan".

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