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Lycia :: Sura

Sura

Sura lies to the west of Myra, an hour and a half on foot It is located directly above the Andriace ruins in Cayagzi, whereas these days, the road to Kas passes through the ancient town of Sura.

Sura was never an independent city, but merely a dependency of Myra; it is hardly mentioned except in connection with its fish-oracle, which, however, had considerable notoriety and is described in some detail in the ancient literature. At the e end of a plain some half a mile in length is tiny 'acropolis' rising little more than 10 meters above the level of the plain, which was surrounded from the west by a thick wall. Placed at the ends of the walls were two adjacent chambers which opened out to a corridor in the center. The wall in the north formed into a rectangular -shaped tower, whereas the tower in the south has been reduced to rubble. A dozen or so Gothic sarcophagi are scattered about. On the 1 rock-cut house-tomb with Lycian inscription, the southwest corner is a conspicuous statue-base with a very long Lycian inscription of which few letters of each line remain. On the south side is a row of rock-cut stele with lists of clergy attached to the cult of Apollo Surius.

But the chief interest of the site lies in the temple and oracle of Apollo. Immectiately to the west of the acropolis the ground falls steeply for several hundred feet to the head of a marshy inlet. The temple stands close to the edge of the mars quite small and in fair preservation. Carved interior walls are a number of inscriptions recording devotions paid by suppliants; close by a extensive ruins of a Byzantine church which has, as so often, succeeded the pagan temple and prolonged the sanctity of the place into medieval times.

Just a few kilometers beyond Sura along the same road in the modem day town of Gurses is what is thought to be the ancient town of Trebenda.

There isn't much information about the name or history of this town, in which one encounters wall ruins and sarcophagi, whereas the great majority of the sarcophagi belong to the Roman Period.

There is a Lycian-type sarcophagus with relief figures that dates to the 5th century B.C. The acropolis is surrounded with walls from the east and west.

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