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Lycia :: Istlada


In the Lycian region, there is the small but rather impressive ancient city of Istlada. The four- kilometer road that splits off towards the east from the vi11age of DavazIar on the Finike-Ka§ Highway takes us up to the famous monument tomb at the Hoyran location in the vilIage of Kapakll. Here, across from the elementary school, is the so-called 'Hoyran , with reliefs from the 4th century B.C.

At the highest point to the west is the fOr acropolis; on its east slope are two rock-cut tom house-type. One of these is highly unusual; it i from the rock so as to show the front and one si the 'house', the side wall decorated with relief~ the north end of the village is another striking 1 cut from an outcrop of rock; it too is of the house- but above the row of round beam-ends is a 1 frieze adorned with reliefs. In the middle is a reclining on a couch; in front of him a table and armed men; behind him two male and six ff figures. The pediment above is rounded and c three more figures. All the persons but the fir1 standing. OVer the door is a worn and broken Lycia inscription.

One can go by car to the end of the vi Parking your car next to the house-type tomb sel the hill, you can fIrst check out the tombs on th and then you can walk down a footpath to se ruins on the opposite hill. Following this path, w see the rock tombs behind the crop fields. From let's visit the first hill, where one can see sarcophagi bunched together in one spot. From a second hill that has been surrounded bya smal To the east and north directions of the acropolis can encounter tombs in the form of rock-to sarcophagi, and stele. All of the tombs belong t Roman Period. Behind these sarcophagi are L house-type tombs that have been carved out of the living rock. One of these house-type tombs is k as the 'Pigeon' Tomb. Reliefs of a rooster, sphinx a pigeon are depicted on the tomb. On the north side of this 4th century B.C. tomb is a frieze that depicts the tomb's owner and his relatives. There are also ruins in the lower part of 1 section called Hoyran. If you are traveling by car, you need to arrive from the Kekova Road. Come down Kekova Road and exit onto the Cevreli -Kapakli Road, two kilometers before Ucagiz.. Drive along this road for 1.5 kilometers and you will encounter a fabulous Lycian rock-tomb in a place called Bucak. Here, you can see a 4th century B.C. tomb which has two peo in relief sitting on top.

If you continue from here, and stop in a place called Enisdibi, before arriving in Kapakli, you will again encounter ruins on the side facing the sea. If park our car here and trek along the footpath, you shall reach some interesting ruins which are situa above Gokkaya Cove, not far from a place called Hayitli.. Here, one sees sarcophagi and architectural structllres together, whereas the houses are intact up to their door stones. Next to these structllres, one can see a part of a church apse still standing. Thus, here it is possible to see Lycian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine period structures next to each other.

George Bean has mentioned that the name 'Istlada' could be read in the inscriptions written on the sarcophagi found here. Like the other small Lycian cities in the Istlada region, such as Apollonia, Aperlae and Phellos, there was one gentleman who practically ran the city himself. If the site above Gokkaya Cove is actually Istlada, then there must be some place that connects this site with the part where sarcophagi are situated in Hoyran. But in fact, there does not appear to be any sort of independent city in the vicirlity. As a consequence, the works of Istlada are scattered throughout Kapakli. as well as Hoyran and Hayitli. From here, looking out over Gokkaya Cove and Kekova is certain to put you in a relaxing trance. In addition, it is very easy to get up here from the sea and Gokkaya Cove if you follow the path leading up from the church ruins at the back of the cove.

Overlooking the plain of Tirmisin on a hill standing 365 meters above sea-level and situated a few kilometers northeast of Ucagiz, is the little-known city of Tyberissos. At the foot of the hill, and a little above the level of the plain, is an attractive glade in which there are a dozen or so Lycian sarcophagi and a number of pigeon-hole tombs. Other than the tombs, this site doesn't offer much else in the way of ruins, whereas it is not really worth the time for an extended visit.


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