There are three ways of reaching Caunos which attract great attention today owing to
its Venetian type of channel and Lycian
type of tombs . The
visitors who come by means of their yachts, land on the island named Delikli Ada and reach
the site of the ruins by starting off in small boats from here; those who come from Marmaris
by sea route, drop anchor in the vicinity of Delikli Ada
and also reach the site of the ruins in small boats; and those who come by land route,
reach the ruins by starting boats from the Village of Dalyan which is at a distance of 27
km from Koycegiz.
The existance of the ruins of Caunos was first discovered in the year 1842, and
excavations have been carried on there by the Turkish archaeologists under the supervision
of Prof. Baki Ogun since 1967.
Caunos, the son of Miletos, had been indicated as the founder of the city and therefore,
it had been named Caunos. The city was first captured by the Persians and then by
Alexander and in the year 189 B.C., it was made subject to the Kingdom of Rhodes. We know
that it continued until the year 167 B.C. Caunos was the subjected to the kingdom of Pergamon and was brought directly under the sovereignty of Rome after 133 B.C. You reach the site of the ruins by means of
channel adorned with Lycian type tombs belonging to the 4th
century B.C. The first place that we see is the acropolis of Caunos. The northern part of
the city wall, which surrounds the acropolis, belongs to the period of
northwestern part has Hellenistic qualities. And starting from the
harbour are seen the city walls of Cyclopean type belonging to the Archaic Period.
The theater belonging to the Roman Period is located at the
skirt of the acropolis and its southern part is carved in the rock; the other parts are
shaped into seats supported by gable roof vaults. There are 33 rows of seats, the scene
has collapsed and the part of the orchestra has been filled in.
A temple, revealed by the recent excavations, is located at far west of the theater, and a
church and the magnificent walls of the Roman Bath are visible beyond it. Another temple
belonging to the Roman Period is located behind the bath. As we go
downwards, we see the remains of a wall built in the shape of three-fourths of a circle
with a row of columns on it and, behind it, a temple of the Doric order.
The locality called Suluklu Gol (Lake of Leeches) in Caunos today, was a harbour
closed by means of chains during the Antique Period. The excavations performed at the
north of this harbour have revealed a stoa which used to form a part of the port agora.
The fountain near the stoa has a plan of inantis style and has been restored recently, and
the inscription which is seen on its side facing the harbour, contains the written decrees
concerning the customs house.