The ancient name of Urgup was Assiana. During the Seljuks it was called Bashisar. In Urgup situated beside the Goreme Valley at an altitude of 1050 m are accomodation centres like hotels, motels etc. On the rocks overlooking the site one finds the traces of ancient colonies. There are also rests of mosques and medresses dating from the times of the Seljuks and the Ottomans. The Urgup Museum is worth seeing. The number of places to be visited is remarkable. Urgup was in fact an important center during the sovereignty of the Seljuks. The Kadikalesi castle dating from the Seljuks times and the Tomb of Altikapi were erected in the 13th century.
The mosque of Karamanoglu was built during the tomb of Naksettin constructed by Vecihi Pasha, the library of Tahsin Aga dating from 13th century and the underground passage of 200 m length on the hill called Temanni in Urgup are among the places to visit. In Ayvali is a church painted in straight lines. The Yukari Mahalle and Karacali churches are decorated with frescoes. The churches of Tavsanli Kilise, St. Basil at Mustafa Pasha have withstood the wear and tear of times. In the village called Cemil at a distance of 14 km from the Urgup-Soganli road stretches the Golgeli Valley. Here are churches in ruins of which the frescoes are destroyed.
The monastery of the archangel is here. In the church of St. Stephen we see frescoes dating from 5th century. The large church beside is ornamented with frescoes dating from 11th century. Passing through Karacaviran where one finds scattered fairy chimneys at a distance of 8.5 km on the Urgup-Kayseri road one arrives in the village of Yesilkoy.
The church Tagar here was consecrated in the 12th century to St. Theodorus. The apse includes the portrait of Jesus Christ and the arches are decorated by other portraits. The complex of Taskinpasha at the village of Taskinpasha at a distance of 18 km from Urgup dates from 14th century, namely from the times of Karamanogullari. The niche made of hazel of the mosque surrounded by a courtyard reflects the craftsmanship of the times. This niche is now at the Archaeological Museum of Ankara. The portal decorated with geometrical patterns at a distance of three kilometer of the mosque should be seen at all costs. If, on the Urgup-Nevsehir road one takes the road which forks towards left at the fifth kilometer, one arrives in Hallacdere which is a river bed, following the Ortahisar direction. The tuff is very rich here. One sees the monastery of Hallacdere having the characteristic traits of a basilica dating from 11th century.
Above text and pictures are from the book titled "Cappadocia The Poetry Nature Etched On Earth".
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